I thought that this article was very interesting to read. It was thought provoking and made you consider that there are many influences that contribute to art development and progression of art movements, such as the World War I. Furthermore, although this article didn’t disclose who the true first abstract artist is - rather, the author described abstraction as “an invention with multiple first steps, multiple creators, multiple heralds, and multiple rationales.” as well as using other influential artists that have used abstract art during that time period. Wassily Kandinsky is the most well known artist of the abstract art movement, which gives him the nickname as the “father of abstract art". The author molds the ending of the article in a similar way an artist would create abstract art - leave it up to the reader/viewer to decide who the true first abstract artist is.